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What Happened After the Berlin Wall Was Built

by | Mar 7, 2024 | World War Tour Berlin

On August 13, 1961, the Berlin Wall was built, dividing the city of Berlin into two separate entities – East Berlin and West Berlin. Erected by the German Democratic Republic (GDR), the wall stood as a physical barrier that symbolized the ideological divide between communism and capitalism. This blog post dives into the consequences and significant events that followed the construction of the Berlin Wall.

The Immediate Effects

After the Berlin Wall was built, families, friends, and communities were suddenly separated, their lives forever changed. People living in East Berlin were effectively trapped, unable to freely travel to the Western part of the city. The wall brought about feelings of isolation, anguish, and despair.

The construction of the wall led to a surge of defections from East Germany. Many risked their lives to escape over or under the wall, often with tragic consequences. The wall itself went through several improvements, making it increasingly harder to breach. Guard towers, barbed wire, and even anti-vehicle trenches were added, creating an intimidating physical border.

Political Impact

The Berlin Wall had a significant impact on the political landscape of Germany and the world. The wall solidified the division between East and West, polarizing the Cold War further. Western countries condemned the wall as a symbol of oppression, while the Soviet Union and its allies defended its construction.

Over time, political tensions escalated. Various political and military standoffs occurred near the wall, generating international concerns about the potential for a major conflict. However, despite ongoing tensions, both sides sought ways to ease relationships and avoid an all-out war.

The Fall of the Berlin Wall

After nearly three decades of separation, the Berlin Wall finally fell on November 9, 1989, following a series of events that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War. The fall of the wall was a pivotal moment in world history, signifying the end of communism in Germany and the reunification of East and West Germany.

The fall of the wall was triggered by peaceful mass protests that grew in size and intensity. The GDR government, overwhelmed by the situation, eventually announced that East Germans would be allowed to travel freely to West Germany. Thousands of people flooded the checkpoints, and the wall was breached in an iconic moment.

Reunification brought about immense joy and hope for the people of Germany. Families and friends who had been separated for decades were finally reunited. The wall’s demise also sparked celebrations worldwide, symbolizing the victory of democracy and freedom over totalitarianism.

Aftermath and Legacy

With the reunification of Germany, the process of merging two vastly different socio-economic systems began. West Germany’s capitalist economy and infrastructure were extended to the former East, though it came with challenges and economic hardships. The transformation was a monumental task, and the effects of division are still felt today.

Many remnants of the wall were dismantled in the years following its fall. Some sections were preserved and transformed into historical sites and memorials, serving as reminders of the past and symbols of unity. The Berlin Wall serves as a reminder of the consequences of division and the resilience of the human spirit.


The construction and fall of the Berlin Wall left an indelible mark on history. The physical barrier had devastating effects on individuals and served as a powerful symbol of the division between East and West. The wall’s fall brought about long-awaited reunification and the end of the Cold War, ushering in a new era for Germany and the world.

Today, the remnants of the Berlin Wall stand as a reminder of the past, urging us to strive for unity, understanding, and freedom.

What Happened After the Berlin Wall Was Built