Select Page

What Street Was the Berlin Wall Built on?

by | Mar 7, 2024 | World War Tour Berlin

If you are interested in the history of the Berlin Wall, you might be curious about which street it was built on. The Berlin Wall, constructed by the German Democratic Republic (GDR) in 1961, was erected to divide the city of Berlin and separate East Germany from West Germany. This iconic barrier remained a symbol of the Cold War until its fall in 1989. While the wall spanned multiple streets in Berlin, one of the most significant locations associated with it was Bernauer Straße.

The Significance of Bernauer Straße

Bernauer Straße runs through the neighborhoods of Wedding and Mitte in Berlin and was a focal point during the division of the city. It held historical importance due to its location along the border between East and West Berlin. The street underwent significant changes when the Berlin Wall was erected, transforming it into a physical barrier between families, friends, and the two sides of the city.

Prior to the construction of the wall, Bernauer Straße was a bustling and vibrant street. However, after the division, it became part of the “death strip” – a restricted area where people were prohibited from crossing. A large concrete wall divided families and separated apartment buildings. Escape attempts, tragic deaths, and emotional displays of despair were witnessed along this street during the wall’s existence.

Memorial and Documentation Site

Bernauer Straße now serves as a memorial and documentation site, offering visitors a chance to understand the history and impact of the Berlin Wall. The Berlin Wall Memorial, located on Bernauer Straße, provides insights into the division, escape attempts, and the daily life of those living in its shadow.

Visitors to the memorial can explore the preserved section of the wall, view informative exhibitions, and read personal stories of people affected by the wall. The site serves as a reminder of the importance of freedom, unity, and the role that ordinary individuals played in shaping history.

Other Streets Affected by the Berlin Wall

While Bernauer Straße is one of the most well-known streets associated with the Berlin Wall, it is worth mentioning that the wall extended beyond this particular location. Some other notable streets that were affected by the construction of the wall include:

  • Stresemannstraße
  • Chausseestraße
  • Zimmerstraße
  • Invalidenstraße
  • Wilhelmstraße

These streets were part of the border between East and West Berlin, and were divided or altered in various ways during the existence of the wall. Each street carries its own historical significance and story related to the Cold War era.


The Berlin Wall was a significant historical event that affected various parts of the city, but one street that played a central role in its history was Bernauer Straße. From its transformation into a death strip to its current status as a memorial site, Bernauer Straße stands as a reminder of the consequences of division and the pursuit of freedom.

If you are interested in learning more about the history of the Berlin Wall, visiting Bernauer Straße and the Berlin Wall Memorial is a must. Exploring the preserved remnants of the wall and immersing yourself in the stories of those affected can provide a deeper understanding of this tumultuous period in history.

What Street Was the Berlin Wall Built on?